Breaking Barriers: Special Education in Bangladesh for Inclusivity

Breaking Barriers: Special Education in Bangladesh for Inclusivity. Breaking barriers and opening doors – a step towards inclusivity in Bangladesh’s special education. Discover the success and challenges facing this important sector from a seasoned SEO expert with over 10 years of experience. Join us today and learn from the best!

Breaking Barriers: Special Education in Bangladesh for Inclusivity Breaking barriers and

A Step Towards Inclusivity: Special Education in Bangladesh

Bangladesh is a country filled with rich culture, vibrant people, and a strong sense of community. However, for many years, individuals with disabilities were excluded from participating fully in society, including access to education. With a lack of resources and support, families with children with special needs were left with little options for educational opportunities.

Special Education in Bangladesh: The Current Situation

The lack of inclusive education in Bangladesh has been a glaring issue for years. According to a 2017 study by the World Bank, it is estimated that only 2% of children with disabilities in Bangladesh have access to any form of education. This means that the overwhelming majority of children with disabilities are excluded from attending school, resulting in limited social and economic opportunities in the future.

The situation is particularly dire for children with severe disabilities, as they are often abandoned by their families and left without any form of support or care. This not only deprives them of education but also exposes them to potential exploitation and abuse.

The Need for Inclusive Education

Inclusive education is a form of education in which children with disabilities and special needs are provided with equal opportunities to fully participate in mainstream schools and activities alongside their non-disabled peers. It not only allows children with disabilities to receive an education, but it also fosters a sense of belonging, acceptance, and diversity within the school community.

Inclusive education also promotes the idea of diversity and uniqueness, as it recognizes and values the differences and abilities of each individual. It also aims to develop empathy and compassion within students, as they learn to understand and accept those with different abilities, backgrounds, and experiences.

Initiatives and Progress Towards Inclusivity in Special Education

Despite the challenges and barriers, Bangladesh has made significant progress in recent years towards inclusive education for children with disabilities. Some of the noteworthy initiatives and achievements include:

The Disability Rights and Protection Act of 2013

This act recognizes and protects the rights of individuals with disabilities, reaffirming their right to access education, employment, healthcare, and other essential services.

The National Education Policy of 2010

This policy emphasizes the need for inclusive education and states that education is a fundamental right for all children and should be available to every child regardless of their abilities or backgrounds.

Braille Printing Press Establishment

One of the biggest challenges for visually impaired children has been accessing reading materials in the Braille system. The establishment of the Braille Printing Press has significantly helped in the production and distribution of Braille books and reading materials for students.

Inclusive Education Pilot Program

In 2015, a pilot program was initiated by the Bangladesh government to provide inclusive education for children with disabilities in 12 primary schools across the country. The program aims to demonstrate the effectiveness and feasibility of inclusive education and promote acceptance and inclusion within the school community.

All these initiatives and efforts have led to an increase in enrollment of children with disabilities in schools. However, there is still a long way to go in terms of ensuring equal access and quality education for all children with disabilities in Bangladesh.

The Way Forward: What Needs to be Done?

Inclusive education requires a collective effort from various stakeholders, including the government, NGOs, schools, and the community. Some of the necessary steps that need to be taken for the successful implementation of inclusive education in Bangladesh include:

Inclusive Curriculum and Teaching Methods

One of the fundamental aspects of inclusive education is the need for inclusive curriculum and teaching methods. This involves developing a curriculum that is appropriate for students with a wide range of abilities and learning styles and utilizing teaching methods that cater to diverse learners.

Training and Support for Teachers

Teachers are the backbone of inclusive education. However, many teachers may not be equipped with the necessary skills and knowledge to teach students with disabilities. It is crucial to provide training and support for teachers to ensure they can effectively facilitate inclusive classrooms.

Specialized Education and Support Services

While inclusive education promotes the idea of educating all children in mainstream schools, some children may require specialized education and support services. It is essential to establish and provide necessary resources and support systems for those children to ensure they receive a quality and inclusive education.

Community Empowerment and Awareness

The success of inclusive education also relies heavily on the attitudes and perceptions of the community towards individuals with disabilities. There is a need for community empowerment and awareness-raising programs to promote acceptance, understanding, and inclusion of individuals with disabilities.


Inclusive education is a crucial step towards promoting inclusivity and diversity in Bangladesh. It not only provides children with disabilities with access to education but also facilitates their social and economic inclusion in the future. While significant progress has been made, there is still a long way to go in ensuring equal opportunities and quality education for all children with disabilities in the country.

Frequently Asked Questions:

What are the barriers to inclusive education in Bangladesh?

Some of the barriers to inclusive education in Bangladesh include lack of resources and support, attitudinal barriers, and a lack of inclusive curriculum and teaching methods.

How can we promote acceptance and inclusion in schools?

Promoting acceptance and inclusion in schools can be achieved through community empowerment and awareness-raising programs, fostering empathy and compassion among students, and providing opportunities for children with disabilities to fully participate in school activities.

What steps can the government take to promote inclusive education?

The government can take steps to promote inclusive education by implementing inclusive education policies, providing training and support for teachers, and establishing specialized education and support services for children with disabilities.

How can I get involved in promoting inclusive education in Bangladesh?

There are various ways to get involved in promoting inclusive education in Bangladesh, such as supporting NGOs that work towards inclusive education, volunteering at schools that follow inclusive education practices, and advocating for the rights of individuals with disabilities.

What can parents do to support their children’s inclusive education?

Parents can play a crucial role in supporting their children’s inclusive education by educating themselves about inclusive education practices and advocating for their child’s right to education. They can also get involved in their child’s school and support teachers in creating an inclusive environment.

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